Map: Turkish Bases on Iraqi Soil
The history of the Turkish army entering northern Iraq dates back to 1982 and the agreement between the two countries. The agreement allows Turkey to enter a depth of 20 km in northern Iraq.
After this agreement, in 1992, 1995, 1996 and 1997, the Turkish army crossed the northern borders of Iraq several times, and especially in 1996 and 1997, Turkey deployed its forces in the Iraqi Kurdistan region and with the consent of Masoud Barzani (Kurdish Democratic Party) established several bases in parts of Duhok province.
The ‘Border Security and Cooperation Treaty’ signed in 1983 between Iraq and Turkey, was suspended by Iraq between 1988 and 1991, prompting Turkey to suspend operations on Iraqi soil during those years.
According to official and unofficial statistics, there are currently more than 3,000 Turkish troops in northern Iraq.
After the arrival of ISIS terrorists in Iraq and the occupation of part of the country in 2014, Turkey transferred more than 1,200 troops to Ba’ashiqa, which led to many internal and external protests.
Also, in 2018, the Turkish army advanced 30 kilometers in the Iraqi Kurdistan region and sent its special forces to the villages of Barmiz and Shapan in the region of Sidkan and Bradost.
According to available data, the Turkish army currently has 36 military posts in Duhok province, of which 9 military posts are in the Amedi area, 24 military posts in the Zakho and Haftanin areas, and 3 other military posts are located in Zinari Kistah in Kani Masi. The Turkish military also has six military bases in Amedi , Zakho and Ba’ashiqa, and at least three intelligence bases in Iraq.
The statistics of some of the most important Turkish military bases in Iraq are as follows:
- Kani Masi military base is the largest military base of Turkey in terms of the number of soldiers, which is located in the Kani Masi area within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Bamarne military and logistical base, which is also a military airport; It is one of the largest logistical bases of Turkey and the largest Turkish intelligence base Iraq.
- Seri military base in Sheladeze area within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Gali sarzeri military base within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Kopak military base within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Qamri military base in Barwari region and south of Matina mountain.
- Kukhsapi military base in the village of Ureh in the region of Barwari Bala within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Sinam military base in Barwari area within the Amedi municipal jurisdiction.
- Gerebe military base in Beya village within the Zakho municipal jurisdiction.
- Gali Zakho military base.
- Batifa base is one of the intelligence centers of Turkey within the Zakho municipal jurisdiction.
- Shiret military base between Batifa town and Robski village.
- Dari military base in Batifa region.
- Ba’ashiqa (Zilkan) military base between Maqloub and Ba’ashiqa mountains located in north of Mosul city, where about 900 troops are stationed.
- MIT intelligence center in Amedi.
- MIT intelligence center in Batifa area in Zakho.
- MIT intelligence center in Zakho city in Bidari neighborhood.
- MIT intelligence center in Duhok city in Gere base neighborhood.